UNESCO is the only organization in the United Nations system that has National Commissions. In accordance with the UNESCO Constitution and a presidential decree, the Korean National Commission for UNESCO was founded on 30 January 1954.

The Act Concerning UNESCO Activities enacted in 1963 provides the Commission with a firm legal basis for carrying out its various functions. This act sets forth the guiding principles and provides for the autonomy of the organization, its finances and programme management.
The Commission is actively working to further strengthen existing cooperative relationships with its stakeholders at the national, regional, and international levels and to take its share of responsibility in pursuing the goals of UNESCO in Korea. As a focal point, the Korean National Commission for UNESCO is also committed to creating partnerships and networking with not only governments, and other international and intergovernmental organizations, but with civil society and the private sector.